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Safe and dangerous List for Parrots!!!!

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Author Topic: Safe and dangerous List for Parrots!!!!  (Read 10634 times)
Nateok
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« on: February 02, 2009, 04:41:26 pm »

I have been working on this for a while, still not done yet though!
___________________________________________________________
Cooked legumes
Some Beans(most common of which are kidney beans) contain something called lectin Phytohaemaggutinin, this toxin is fairly harmful to parrots and so a recommended solution is cooking them, boiling them for ten minutes is the best method to do this, under cooked beans can actually contain more toxins than raw beans.  Cooking in slow cooker will sometimes not destroy the toxin as it must be fairly hot to destroy it.
Or you can sprout these beans.
Azuki Beans
Mung Beans
Peas
Lentils
Kidney beans
Moth Bean
Urad Bean
Rice bean
Broad bean
Cowpeas
Chick Pea
Caparrones Beans
Pinto Bean
Winged bean
Velvet bean
Green string beans( ok raw, contain no toxin)
Green and Yellow Wax Beans
Lima beans

Grains/Oats/groats etc…
Grains should always be cooked before giving to your parrot.
Can also be sprouted
Millet
Buckwheat (berries)
Wild Rice
Teff
Kamut
Spelt
Hulless Barley
Whole oats
Amaranth
Quinoa
Brown Rice
White Rice
Red Quinoa
Wheat
Popcorn
Farro


Vegetables/Greens

These can be fed fresh, cooked, steamed, or even veggies from grocery store, thawed for best eating results.

Acorn
Asparagus(cooked only)
Beet Root
Beet greens
Broccoli
Bokchoy
Brussel Sprouts
Carrots
Corn
Celery (little to no nutritional value)
Collard Greens
Cabbage
Chinese Cabbage
Carrot Tops
Cactus Leaf
Chayote Squash
Cucumber
Chicory Greens (not in large quantities)
Chard
Cilantro
Cauliflower
Dandelion Greens (careful not to collect where pesticides or fertilizers may be)
Dark Green Lettuces
Endive
Escarole
Fennel
Jicama
Kale
Kohlrabi
Lettuces (Dark are the best)
Mustard Greens
Okra
Peas and Pods
Parsley
Pumpkin
Radish
Red or Green Sweet Peppers
Romaine Lettuce
Spinach
Spaghetti Squash
Turnip Greens
Watercress
Yellow Squash
Zuchinni

Fruits
NOTE: Pits and Seeds are not good to feed, in such fruits with this marking (*) after the name .
Apples* (website about apple seeds: http://www.snopes.com/food/warnings/apples.asp)
Apricots*
Asian Pears*
Bananas
Berries  (Strawberries, Blueberries, Rasberries. Note: Strawberries have a thin skin and soak up pesticides easily.)
Cherries*
Clementine’s *
Cranberries
Currents (red and black etc…)
Figs
Grapes*
Grapefruit*
Kiwi
Lemons*
Limes*
Mangos*
Melons * (* is placed as some melon seeds are not ok to feed, so better safe than sorry)
Nectarines*
Oranges*
Papaya*
Peaches*
Pears*
Pinnapples*
Pomegranates (seeds are good to feed and are rich in Iron and Potassium)
Palm fruit
Plums*
Tangerines*

NUTS
safe nuts...

Almonds
Brazil Nuts
Bread Nuts
Cashews
Chestnuts
Coconuts
Corn Nuts
Hickory Nuts(in small amounts, as hickory is actually an hallucinogen)
Hazel Nuts
Kola nuts
Macadamia Nuts
Pine nuts
Pistachios
Pecans
Walnuts

Other Great foods
Pasta
Grain breads
Cooked Eggs (with shell for extra calcium)
Cooked Meat
Cooked Fish
Cooked Chicken bones
Hard Boiled Eggs

Avoid the following foods, poisonous
-Avocados

-Dairy Products(Except Yogurt, plain yogurt, Cottage cheese is also ok in small products)

-Fruit Rinds

-Rhubarb[red stalks are ok....the leaves are very poisonous, even to us]

-Raw Meats

-Onions

-Garlic

-Chocolate

-Salty/Sugary Foods

-Alcohol

-Fruit Pits

-Peanuts [are very high in fat and such...and in already shelled peanuts. the oils can go rancid quickly]
-Uncooked Rice

-Uncooked Beans

-Seeds of: Pears, Oranges, Papaya, Grapefruit, Grapes, Apples & some Melons

-Mayonnaise products

-Olives

-Caffeine

-Tea:

-Tobacco




FLOWERS......Edible flowers for Parrots

MOST POPULAR EDIBLE FLOWERS

(These are the most commonly consumed flowers of the eighty edible varieties.)

 Borage blossoms (Borago officinalis)
Tiny blue flowers have slight cucumber flavor.

Calendula flowers (Calendula officinalis)
Also known as "pot marigolds", multi-colored blooms with a peppery taste. Sometimes called "poor man's saffron"

Carnation flowers (Dianthus caryophyllus)
Red, pink, and white blossoms with clove taste.

Chamomile flowers (Chamaemilum nobile)
Daisy-like flowers with a slight hint of apple flavor. Especially good for parrots when calming influence is needed.

 Daisies (Bellis perennis)
Yellow and white flowers with light mint or clover flavor. Flowers

Dandelion flowers - (Taraxacum officinale)
Small yellow blossoms have honey flavor when picked young. Older flowers are bitter but my Eclectus parrots do not seem to notice. Also offer the dandelion leaves which are an excellent source of nutrition.

Day lilies (Hemerocallis)
Many colored blossoms with sweet taste and crunchy lettuce texture. Flower buds and blossoms can be consumed at all stages of growth. Note: Many lilies (Lillium species) contain alkaloids and are NOT safe for parrots or people.
Elderberry flowers (Sambucus canadensis)
Sweet tasting flowers. For colds and chills, Gypsies mix elderberry flowers, yarrow and peppermint and steep in boiling water for 13 minutes, and drink tea frequently.

Gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.)
Flowers of many colors grow on a spike with flowers above each other, all usually facing the same way. Has lettuce texture and flavor.

Hibiscus flowers (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)
Tropical blossoms in a variety of colors have slightly acidic taste. One of the favorite flowers of most parrot species.

 Honeysuckle flowers (Japanese Lonicera japonica)
Small white to yellow trumpet-shaped blossoms are sweet and delicious. Parrots relish these flowers and the Loridae family of birds especially loves the honeysuckle nectar. Only the Japanese honeysuckle is edible and only the blooms should be used as the berries are extremely poisonous. Offer only the flowers so that no berries on the vines will accidentally be eaten.

Impatiens (Impatiens wallerana)
Multi-color small blooms with mild taste.

Johnny-Jump-Up flowers--(Viola tricolor)
 Yellow, violet, and lavender flowers with wintergreen flavor. Leaves are also edible and contain vitamin C.

Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)
Lavender blossoms have heavy floral fragrance and lemon flavor.
 Marigolds flowers (Tagetes signata pumila)—Bright yellow and orange flowers with citrus flavor.

 Milk thistle (Silybum marianum)
Purple flowers are edible as well as leaves and seeds which are known for benefits to liver.

 Nasturtiums (Tropaeolum majus)
Red, yellow, and orange flowers have a tangy, peppery flavor and are the most popular of all edible flowers. Leaves can be eaten too.

Pansies (Viola X Wittrockiana)
Purple, white, yellow bi-color blooms have a sweet, tart flavor. Flowers

Passionflowers -(Passifloraceae - passion flower family)
Passiflora caerulea and Passiflora
edulis are two of the hundreds of varieties. Some vines produce large greenish white and purple blossoms and then orange or purple edible fruit, depending upon the variety of the plant.

 Roses (Rosa spp)
Some of the tastiest rose varieties are Rosa xdamascena, Rosa gallica, and Rosa rugosa, Flower carpet rose, Double Delight, Mirandy, and Tiffany variety. Roses have a slight fruity flavor.

Sage (Salvia officinalis)
Lavender-blue flower spikes grow only on the culinary variety. The variegated species of sage do not flower. Flowers have distinctive sage flavor.

Other herb flowers
The tiny flowering blooms of the following spices are edible: anise, basil, bee balm, chives, coriander (cilantro), dill, fennel, garlic, oregano, rosemary, and thyme.

Sunflowers (Helianthus)
Many varieties but most have yellow leaves around a "black eye" center. Mature flowers contain the seed that all parrots find so irresistible!

Tree flowers
Parrots can be offered the flowering blooms of the following trees: Apple, bottlebrush, citrus (orange, lemon, lime, grapefruit, kumquat), eucalyptus, melaleuca, and plum.

Tulips (Tulipa spp.)
Multi-color flowers with crisp, cucumber taste.

Vegetable flowers
Butterblossom squash flowers have slight squash taste. Zucchini flowers, podded pea flowers (ornamental peas are poisonous), okra, pumpkin, and runner bean flowers are edible.

Violets (Viola odorata)
Deep violet and white color with sweet wintergreen taste.

NOTE: this is not a complete list of safe flowers...One of the best books for identifying safe flowers is Thomas S. Elias and Peter A. Dykeman's Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide (Sterling Publishing Company).
A lot of the info on flowers comes from : Thomas S. Elias and Peter A. Dykeman's Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide

POISONOUS FLOWERS AND PLANTS
There are many more flowers that are poisonous than are edible.The use of botanical names are important due to the fact that common names vary in different regions of the country.
Two plants may be known by the same common name while one is toxic and the other is edible. The following is only a partial list of the most common toxic flowers and their botanical names:

Poisonous Plants and Flowers
Common Name__________________ Botanical Name
Aconite (wolfsbane, monkhood)__________Aconitum spp.
Anemone (windflower)__________________Anemone spp.
Anthurium____________________________Anthurium spp.
Atamasco lily_________________________ Zephyranthes spp.
Autumn crocus________________________Colchicum autumnale
Azalea_______________________________Azalea spp. (Rhododendron spp.)
Baneberry____________________________Actaea spp.
Black locust___________________________Robinia pseudo-acacia
Bloodroot_____________________________Sanguinaria canadensis
Boxwood_____________________________Buxus spp.
Burning bush (strawberry bush, spindle tree, wahoo)___Euonymus spp
Buttercup____________________________Ranunculus spp.
Butterfly weed_________________________Asclepias spp.
Caladium_____________________________Caladium spp.
Calla (calla lily)________________________Calla palustris (Zantedeschia aethiopica)
Carolina jasmine (yellow jessamine)______Gelsemium sempervirens
Castor bean__________________________Ricinus communis
Cherry laurel__________________________Prunus caroliniana
Chinaberry (bead tree)_________________Melia azedarach
Christmas rose________________________Helleborus niger
Clematis_____________________________Clematis spp.
Daffodi______________________________Narcissus spp.
Deadly nightshade (belladonna)___________Atropoa belladona
Death cammas (black snakeroot)_________Zigadenus spp.
Delphinium (larkspur)__________________Delphinium spp.
Dogbane_____________________________Apocynum androsaemifolium
Dumbcane___________________________Dieffenbachia spp.
Elephant ears_________________________Colocasia antiquorum
False hellebore________________________Veratrum viride
Four o'clock__________________________Mirabills jalapa
Foxglove____________________________Digitalis purpurea
Giant elephant ear____________________Alocasia spp.
Gloriosa lily__________________________Glonosa superba
Golden chain tree (laburnum)___________Labunum anagryroides
Goldenseal___________________________Hydrastis canadensis
Heavenly bamboo (nandina)_____________Nandinaa domestica
Henbane (black henbane)_______________Hyoscyamus niger
Horse chestnut (Ohio buckeye)__________Aesculus spp.
Horse nettle__________________________Solanum spp.
Hyacinth_____________________________Hyacinthus orientalis
Hyacinth bean________________________Dolicbos lab lab
Hydrangea___________________________Hydrangea spp.
Iris_________________________________Iris spp.
Ivy (English ivy)_______________________Hedera helix
Jack-in-the-pulpit_____________________Arisaemia triphyllum
Jerusalem cherry______________________Solanum pseudocapsicum
Jessamine (jasmine)__________________Cestrum spp.
Jetbead (jetberry)_____________________Rhodotypos tetrapetala
Jimson weed_________________________Datura spp (Brugmansia spp.)
Jonquil______________________________Narcissus spp.
Kentucky coffee tree__________________Gymnocladus dioica
Lantana_____________________________Lantana camara
Leopard's bane_______________________Arnica montana
Lily of the valley______________________Convallaria majalis
Lobelia (cardinal flower, Indian tobacco)__Lobelia spp.
Marsh marigold_______________________Caltha palustris
May apple (mandrake)_________________Podophyllum peltatum
Mescal bean (Texas mountain laurel, frijo lillo)__Sophora secundiflora
Mistletoe____________________________Phoradendron spp.
Morning glory________________________Ipomoea violacea
Mountain laurel_______________________Kalmia latifolia
Nightshade__________________________Solanum spp.
Oleander____________________________Nerium oleander
Periwinkle (myrtle, vinca)______________Vinca spp.
Philodendron_________________________Philodendron spp. (Monstera spp.)
Pittosporum_________________________Pittosporum spp.
Poison hemlock_______________________Conium maculatum
Potato______________________________Solanum tuberosum
Privet______________________________Ligustrum spp.
Rhododendron_______________________Rhododendron spp.
Rock poppy (celandyne)________________Chelidonium majus
Schefflera___________________________Schefflera spp.
Spring adonis________________________Adonis vernalis
Spurge_____________________________Euphorbia spp.
Star of Bethlehem____________________Ornithogalum umbellatum
Sweet pea___________________________Lathyrus spp.
Tobacco_____________________________Nicotiana tabacum
Trumpet flower (chalice vine)___________Solandra spp.
Water hemlock_______________________Cicuta maculata
Wild cherry (black cherry)______________Prunus serotina
Wisteria____________________________Wisteria spp.
Yellow allamanda_____________________Allamanda cathartica
Yellow oleander (tiger apple, be still tree, lucky nut)_____Thevetia peruviana
Yesterday-today-and-tomorrow__________Brunfelsia spp.

NOTE: This is a list of the most common poisonous plants and flowers but it is by no means complete. If the plant is not on this list, that doesn't necessarily make it edible or non-poisonous.

One of the best books for identifying safe flowers is Thomas S. Elias and Peter A. Dykeman's Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide (Sterling Publishing Company).
« Last Edit: February 09, 2009, 10:02:02 pm by Nateok » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #1 on: February 02, 2009, 04:47:44 pm »

Pretty darned good list there!  Thanks for sharing this with us! AddEmoticons04239
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« Reply #2 on: February 06, 2009, 04:03:02 pm »

Pinned for excellence and importance.
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"Much talking is the cause of danger. Silence is the means of avoiding misfortune. The talkative parrot is shut up in a cage. Other birds, without speech, fly freely about."
          -Saskya Pandita
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« Reply #3 on: February 06, 2009, 04:09:34 pm »

That is a great list I love the info on the flowers...I gave you an applaud for that one!  ;)
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The difference between kids and parrots is that it's funny when a parrot talks back.

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« Reply #4 on: February 06, 2009, 04:33:43 pm »

thank ya'll..i appreciate it!  glad you all like.

soon to have nutritional values.   AddEmoticons04239
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« Reply #5 on: February 06, 2009, 04:45:26 pm »

We also have a great list and nutritional values, etc on our site..  You can view this here http://www.buffaloparrot.com/goodandbadparrotfoods.htm and we can compare this stuff!!  I am real into parrot nutrition, etc! ;)
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« Reply #6 on: February 06, 2009, 04:52:40 pm »

no need for my list...haha  that is much better than mine..

i was thinking of writing something on the importance of some nutrients and vitamins.  touch on some key nutrients and vitamins etc...

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« Reply #7 on: February 06, 2009, 04:55:45 pm »

Oh yeah, that would be cool if you could post that!  Go nuts AddEmoticons04239
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« Reply #8 on: February 06, 2009, 09:03:36 pm »

Thank you so much. all info is very much appreciated. AddEmoticons04239
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 “My brother and sister birds, you should praise your Creator and always love him: He gave you feathers for clothes, wings to fly and all other things that you need. It is God who made you noble among all creatures, making your home in thin, pure air. Without sowing or reaping, you receive God’s guidance and protection.”
St. Francis of Assissi

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Zebra Finches - The widow Mary Meeper & her new beau Joey Peepers, Leo and all the "kids"
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« Reply #9 on: February 09, 2009, 04:31:59 pm »

wow, thanks for the info. :D Why, may i ask, is tea bad? is it because it contains caffeine? is herbal tea (which contains no caffeine) still bad? wow, i never knew tea was bad for parrots, not that i give them tea anyways. just curious  ;)
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« Reply #10 on: February 09, 2009, 04:50:52 pm »

Herbal/natural tea with no caffeine is not bad for parrots.(and of course if the herb is parrot safe)  D makes a special blend for them they get about once a month or so.  A parrot in the wild.....plants, herbs etc. fall into a puddle, thus making a tea which the parrots then drink.  Of course again it is all natural, nothing added.
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« Reply #11 on: February 09, 2009, 07:08:46 pm »

oohhh, i see. that's a good idea. I have never given my birds any tea, i just never thought about it.  :)
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« Reply #12 on: February 09, 2009, 07:13:54 pm »

thanks for that BPmar...i should have clarified that.  but you bring up a great point there!  AddEmoticons04239
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« Reply #13 on: February 09, 2009, 10:08:35 pm »

was doing some looking around.

even if tea is caffeine free it still will contain some methylxanthines(caffeine is a type of methylxanthine) and what these do is a very similar to what caffeine does.

i just changed my post on caffeine on here you can read more on what they do there.
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